Tooth extraction is a common dental procedure that can effectively remove a damaged tooth. When a tooth decays and becomes damaged beyond repair, simple fillings may not be adequate to restore the function of the tooth.
In such cases, the damaged tooth is pulled out from the underlying bony socket – a process called a tooth extraction.
When is a Tooth Extraction Needed?
Tooth extraction is the best option if a dental filling, crowning, or other repair options fail. Other indications of getting a tooth extraction include:
- A loose tooth that cannot be salvaged even when bone grafting is done
- Dental infection that isn’t responding to antibiotics and standard medical treatment
- An extra tooth growing that block other teeth
- Delayed eruption of permanent teeth in a child
- Making room for teeth in proper alignment before getting braces
- Cancer treatment involves radiation to the head and neck region and chemotherapy that can weaken teeth.
- Painful wisdom teeth that become infected
What Are the Types of Extraction?
Tooth extraction can be done in one of two ways:
- a simple extraction which is performed directly from the mouth, or
- a surgical extraction which is done by making a cut or incision in your gums.
In most cases, a simple extraction will be required. However, if the tooth is broken at the gum line, a more complex surgical technique might be needed instead.
How is a Tooth Extraction Done?
Tooth extraction is actually a very safe and comfortable process. Regardless of your reason for getting a tooth extraction, you can expect the tooth to be out within 20-40 minutes.
The treatment takes place in multiple steps:
Complete patient history is taken, and examination done, including a thorough medical/drug history.
Our dentists then take X-rays of your teeth to plan the most suitable way of extracting your tooth.
If there is any evidence of infection or if you have sensitive gums, our dentists may prescribe you an appropriate antibiotic course before the procedure.
The extraction is done under anesthesia – usually intravenous local anesthesia. If general anesthesia is indicated, patients are prepared accordingly.
The entire tooth extraction is comfortable and takes only about half an hour.
What to Expect After an Extraction?
After a tooth extraction is done, you will be required to keep a piece of gauze in your mouth for around 30 minutes. This is done to prevent clot formation and bleeding.
Simple tooth extractions are generally painless; however, our dentists will prescribe simple painkillers for a few days after the procedure. On the other hand, surgical extractions can be more painful and will require a higher dose of painkillers.
A light diet and clear fluids are recommended for the first few days after tooth extraction.
If you feel unusual pain or bleeding in the area of the removed tooth even after a few days, contact the dentist for a follow-up.